This vegetable is a delight to be had on your plate or in your kitchen gardens! We agree that one needs to be able to develop taste for the humble brinjal but once you do, you won’t go back! It is a versatile vegetable which can be cooked with other vegetables such as potatoes and peppers for a delicious and hearty meal! The vegetable is categorized as a berry, botanically, and is now a worldwide culinary ingredient. It can now be found in Mediterranean, South Asian and European cultures. The oval variety is stalky, succulent, and dark purple in color. To grow this vegetable you must get seeds are traditionally grown and maintain the heirloom purity. Eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae or the family of the nightshades, which includes tomatoes, potatoes, and peppers. The brinjal can be cooked in a variety of ways and used in different types of cuisines. Not so nutritious in itself, the brinjal can absorb a lot of nutrition from the soil and when cooked with other veggies. Avoid salting or boiling the brinjal for too long so that its micronutrients are not sacrificed. A serving of 1/2 cup, cubed, boiled eggplant provides 13 calories, 0.1g fat, no cholesterol, 2mg sodium, 0.4g protein, 3.2g carbohydrate and 119g potassium. Raw eggplant consists of many micronutrients such as: Riboflavin or Vitamin B2, Thiamin – Vit. B1, Panthothenic acid or B5, B6, Folate, Calcium, Iron, phosphorus, potassium, zinc and manganese. Many countries are now able to grow this variety of the Eggplant. Italy, China, Egypt, and other places are among them. This means even you can now grow this variety of the brinjal in your homes! Invest in our open-pollinated and non-hybrid seeds.
Sowing Time: Feb – Mar, Jun – Jul
Sowing Distance: Plant to plant = 18”, Line to Line = 24”
Fruit Weight: 100 – 150 gms
Fruit Shape: Oval
Maturity: 65 – 70 days
Grow Guide: PLANTING INSTRUCTIONS
Soak the seeds overnight to promote germination.
Start planting indoors 2 months before the soil warms up and keep in a warm place inside the house.
Sow seeds about 10 mm, 24 to 30 inches apart in well-prepared beds Transplant the seedlings when they have grown a couple of leaf sets.
Pinch out the terminal growing tips for a bushier plant.
WATERING: Evenly moist soil ensures faster growth. Do not overwater or allow the soil to dry out.
PESTS: The crop is vulnerable to the following pests – Aphids, Spider Mites, Tomato Hornworms, Downy and Powdery Mildew. Eggplant fruit may not ripen properly due to cold temperatures, pest damage, or infertile soils. Symptoms of crop infection include wilting of leaves, followed by the edges of the leaves becoming dry, brittle and eventually turning brown. The area between the veins in eggplant leaves may also become yellow. The plant’s entire vascular system including the roots and stems gets affected leading to its collapse.
SOIL: Eggplant prefers a sandy soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.8
SPOT: Grow eggplant in full sun
TEMPERATURE: This crop requires a moderate warm temperature and it cannot withstand frost. Brinjal requires a minimum temperature of 18 C (65 F) during early growth, but optimal temperature is in the range of 24–27 C (75-80 F)
HOW TO HARVEST
Harvest 16 to 24 weeks after sowing, when the skin of the fruit is shiny and unwrinkled.
Cut the fruit close to the stem and leave about an inch of it attached.
Eggplants can be stored for up to two weeks in humid conditions no lower than -12 degrees C